Living stones, or Lithops
People always strive for something new and unusual. They give birth to exotic animals, do a variety of things, build houses of an unusual shape, try their best to emphasize their individuality. They strive to surprise others with something special, to cause envy. Unusual "living stones" will help plant lovers diversify the interior, make their home more special. At first glance, lithops look like pebbles, but in reality they are living ornamental plants.
Description of lithops
About 30 species are known, among which there are up to 60 subspecies of these unusual plants native to African deserts. Currently, lithops are successfully grown at home.
The plant does not have a stem, only two dense leaves fused together with a gap between them, from which a flower and a root grow. Lithops differ in the shape and color of the flowers. Coloring is quite diverse, depending on the varieties.
Marble Lipops have gray-green leaves with a dark marble pattern. Their white flowers have a pleasant smell. Lithops Leslie have speckled brown leaves and white or yellow flowers with a pleasant odor. Pintle-shaped lithops more brown color, their flowers are yellow or orange.
Leaves Beautiful lithops tan and white flowers. Split lithops have spotty green leaves and yellow flowers. Lithops Soleros green with dark spots, the leaves are gray, and the flowers are white.
Lithops begin to bloom in late summer and until mid-autumn.
Features for lithops care
In winter, these plants, like many others, are at a dormant stage. They must be kept in a dry room at room temperature. Lighting should be good.
In summer, plants are well transferred to open air with a moderate temperature. Lithops tolerate dry air well, but in a particularly hot period, it is better to moisten the air, for this a conventional atomizer is suitable.
Watering should be moderate. Excess water leads to rotting of the roots. Water cannot fall on leaves. During dormancy, watering is not necessary.
Planting and reproduction of lithops
Reproduction occurs in early spring. Lithops are propagated by seed. When the roots have already filled the pot, you need to transplant them into shallow, wide containers. Plants do not require frequent transplants. The soil must be loosened. Suitable humus or leafy earth in combination with river sand and clay. If the roots of the plant become dry, it is enough to briefly place them in warm water. Special fertilizers are not required for lithops. You need to fertilize seedlings and young pebbles. Feeding with potassium and nitrogen will be useful in early spring and early fall.
Pests and diseases of lithops
Lithops can attack worms. It is necessary to treat plants with a protective agent. If the pebbles have already been subjected to this scourge, a mixture of water, garlic and soap will help. This means you need to wipe the leaves.
Not capricious and very beautiful creatures will certainly please the eye. Especially if you create a composition of several varieties, then on the windowsill there will be a smaller copy of the delightful Japanese rock garden.