5 flyers who are fragrant in the evening and at night
It's a shame, but a huge number of fragrant plants exude their divine aroma not for us - caring flower growers. For flowers, smell is a kind of language in which they communicate with insects. Thus, the plants “say” that they are full of delicious nectar and it’s time to visit them, while polluting in parallel. Too many flowers have a particularly strong aroma in those hours when it is “their” insects that fly out in search of food. Pollinators of a large number of popular fragrant garden plants are night butterflies, respectively, and these flowers smell especially (or only) at night.
Some of these plants protect pollen during the day and only open in the evenings. And it is important to know about this when choosing the location of annual flowers in the garden, because in the daytime they look inconspicuous.
In this article we will consider the most popular fragrant summers that bloom in the evening, which you need to pay attention to when creating "aromatherapy" corners in the garden.
1. Zaluzyansky (night phlox)
This fragrant flower is not often found in gardens, but the plant was ignored undeservedly. Of course, the appearance of Zaluzian is not particularly presentable. In the daytime, the plant looks like a small (30-centimeter tall), not too branched bush with linear leaves. At the same time, its small white flowers are completely closed. On the back of the flowers there are purple marks, so the closed buds look dark.
The buds are opened in the evening (usually closer to 10-11 o’clock in the evening). The appearance of the flowers is very modest, in shape they resemble a garden phlox, spread wide or meadow meadow soapwort.
It was at this time that the main advantage of Zaluzianskoy was manifested - a strong pleasant aroma. The smell of night phlox is not easy to describe, sometimes it is described as “sweet candy”, sometimes it is described as “vanilla”, compared with the smell of the heliotrope. But, in any case, this pleasant aroma is quite comparable with expensive French perfumes. Flowering lasts from July to frost.
Features of growing zaluzian
Zaluzyansk unpretentious in care and it is easy to grow from seeds. Sowing can be done directly into the ground in early May. But for earlier flowering, the flower is grown through seedlings. And often it is sown in several periods from March to May to stretch the flowering period.
Shoots appear after about a week. When caring for night phlox, the most important thing is to be careful with watering. This plant should be regularly watered on hot days, but flowers can react negatively to overfill with stagnant water.
For Zaluzian choose a sunny place or light partial shade. From the wind, thin stems can fall to the ground, so it is better to tie them to a support.
Zaluzyansk garden design
Night phlox can be dropped into containers located on the terrace or balcony. In this case, it is possible to apply monopods. Then in the daytime the flower plates can be easily moved away from the eyes to the farthest corner of the garden, and with the onset of dusk, moved to the corner where you like to relax in the evenings.
When choosing companions for Zaluzian, it is important that neighboring flowers do not require too frequent watering, otherwise the night phlox can quickly “fall out” from overflows.
This plant will look good in the company of drought tolerant cereals - feather grass, pennisetum, fescue and others. In flower beds, Zaluzian can be carefully "scattered" among plantings of flowers with bright inflorescences, which in the daytime will attract attention from a flower "sleeping" in the afternoon.
It is desirable that the neighbors of the night phlox have firm, stable stems, which will serve as a support for the Lausanne. In a company with powerful large-leaved plants, night phlox is not advisable to plant, since such foliage will easily hide a small delicate flower from sunlight.
2. Flavored tobacco (winged)
Fragrant tobacco for many years does not lose popularity, regularly performing the role of air fragrance in the evening garden. The flowers of fragrant tobacco open around 9 pm, and close in the early morning.
Outwardly, the flowers of this plant are similar to snow-white stars with a long tube behind each flower. Thanks to the saturated white petals, it seems that the inflorescences of fragrant tobacco actually glow in the dark, like night stars.
Bushes of fragrant tobacco are very powerful and reach a height of 50-90 centimeters. Flowers bloom on the tops of long stems; in cloudy weather, inflorescences can be open all day. The smell of fragrant tobacco is quite strong and is felt even at some distance from the curtain with these plants.
In the evenings, near the fragrant bushes, you can observe amazing large butterflies-hawks with long proboscis, similar to hummingbirds.
Currently on sale there are modern varieties and hybrids of fragrant tobacco with lower compact bushes and flowers of various colors. But, unfortunately, having gained a bright color and the ability not to close its petals during the day, fragrant tobacco has almost lost its most valuable quality - flavor.
Therefore, if you are looking for a fragrant plant for an evening garden, then it is better to get the seeds of the simplest “grandmother's” fragrant tobacco with the usual white flowers.
Features of growing fragrant tobacco
In most cases, this thermophilic annual flower is grown by sowing directly into the ground in early to mid-May. Moreover, flowering begins approximately from the end of June to the beginning of August. For earlier flowering seedlings are usually grown, sowing tobacco in the beginning of April indoors.
Small seeds of fragrant tobacco are comparable in size to poppy seeds. When sowing, they are evenly distributed over the surface of the wet substrate and sprinkled with a thin layer of earth. At room temperature, seedlings appear after about a week.
After the appearance of two real leaves, it is better to peck the seedlings in separate pots so that large leaves do not obscure neighboring seedlings. Aromatic tobacco is planted in the ground around mid-May. The place may be sunny or slightly shady.
This flower is very unpretentious in care and will require only watering in the dry period and top dressing in case of infertile land. It is important to know that the leaves of fragrant tobacco belonging to the nightshade family are also attractive to Colorado beetles, like foliage of potatoes and eggplant. Therefore, it is better to place the planting of this flower away from vegetable beds.
Fragrant tobacco in garden design
Winged tobacco is a very powerful plant with strong thick stems and massive leaves, so it looks like an attractive structural plant even with flowers closed in the daytime.
Planting these giants is best as a complement to compositions from decorative-deciduous and beautifully flowering shrubs. Or in groups under large trees, subject to partial shading.
Fragrant tobacco also looks good in traditional flower beds next to popular bright annuals, such as zinnias, dahlias, marigolds and others. In the daytime, the bright inflorescences of the neighbors distract attention from the drooping flowers of tobacco, and at dusk, when saturated colors fade into the background, its white stars will open, representing a flowerbed in a different color and filling the garden with aroma.
3. Mattiola the bicorn
This popular annual plant from the cruciferous family is able to compete with many fragrant flowers, because its matchless smell spreads over a long distance and literally envelops the entire garden. On a summer evening, it is very pleasant to sit on a bench when a light breeze brings the aroma of matthiola from different parts of the garden.
This smell can be described as gentle and sweet, with violet notes. In the afternoon, small four-petal flowers close and a modest plant with bluish leaves is lost against the background of other flowers.
The flowers collected in the brush are most often found in pink, but are also white or yellowish, which does not affect the quality of the aroma. Mattiola bushes are highly branched, the height of plants can reach 30-40 centimeters.
Mattiola the bicorn - a close relative of the pompous terry left-handed (matthiola gray) Levkoys are mainly grown for bright double flowers collected in dense racemose. This plant also has a rather strong odor, but it differs significantly from the smell of matthiola bicorn. The smell of left-handed people also has fans, but by some it is regarded as excessively cloying, intrusive and not even too pleasant.
Features of growing matthiola
Mattiola bicorn is a cold-resistant plant, and sowing of its seeds can be carried out even in the fall. This is usually done in November on frozen ground so that the seeds do not germinate prematurely. Due to cold resistance, spring sowing is carried out very early in spring - in April.
Matthiola seedlings are able to withstand short-term frosts up to –5 degrees. The flowering period of one plant is short-lived and usually lasts about 1.5 months. To have fragrant matthiols in the garden for as long as possible, they often resort to sowing in several periods. The first batch is sown indoors in March, and the next can be sown already in the ground after the snow has melted at intervals of about a couple of weeks or one month.
Mattiola will grow best in open, sunny places with moderate watering. Like all members of the cruciferous family, young plants are sometimes attacked by a cruciferous flea.
Mattiola in the design of the garden
The friable structure of the bush and matthiola inflorescences is well suited to give the flower beds airiness and lightness. Its thin shoots, small leaves and medium-sized inflorescences in the daytime can easily get lost among other flowers, without attracting unnecessary attention.
Mattiola bushes can be evenly distributed in the flower garden, and in the evenings they will peek here and there, spreading an aura of incomparable fragrance around itself. In the same way, several matthiola bushes can be planted in container compositions on a balcony or terrace.
Mirabilis forms large, well-leafy tall bushes up to 60 centimeters high, which branch perfectly without additional nipples. Mirabilis grows so fast that in the middle of summer it more resembles a shrub than an annual flower.
By its nature, it is really a perennial plant with a lignified stem, but due to the low winter hardiness in the middle lane it is grown exclusively in an annual crop.
In mid-summer, bushes are abundantly covered with funnel-shaped flowers from 2.5 to 5 centimeters in diameter. Most often, mirabilis has raspberry-colored petals, but on sale you can find varieties of a wide variety of colors. In this case, two- and three-color combinations are especially appreciated, when the petals are covered with strokes of bright color (for example, “Marble” mirabalis).
The aroma of mirabilis is characterized as sweet and delicate, reminiscent of the smell of orange and vanilla. Bright flowers bloom in the evening at 9-10 hours, while each individual flower blooms only one night, after which it fades. In cloudy weather, the flowers remain open and fragrant all day. Flowering continues until frost.
By the end of summer, mirabilis forms root tubers, which can be stored in the winter in the basement (in peat or dry sand) at a temperature of 3-7 degrees, like dahlia tubers. Sometimes among the planting material of various perennials, one can find on sale the rhizomes of mirabilis of the most interesting colors.
Features of growing mirabilis
Due to the high pace of development, mirabilis, sown in the flower garden in mid-May, will bloom in mid-summer. And for earlier flowering, it can be sown indoors in April.
Large seeds of mirabilis have a very hard shell, therefore, to accelerate germination, it is recommended to carry out their scarification. For example, rub the seeds on sandpaper or treat a hard peel with a nail file, and then soak in a stimulator of seed growth and germination (for example, in Epin). Otherwise, the process of emergence of seedlings can drag on for almost a month.
The sunniest places are chosen in the garden for mirabilis; this plant is very photophilous and drought-resistant.
Mirabilis in garden design
Bushy stately mirabilis has a very beautiful structure and its presence will not spoil any floral arrangement, despite the flowers closed during the day. It can be planted both solo in a small group, and in the company of any other tall annual or perennial plants. The main thing is that gentle low-growing flowers that Mirabilis will suppress do not become its neighbors.
Since the bushes of this flower resemble a small shrub, mirabilis will fit perfectly into the woody-shrub composition.
An unusual view of morning glory, which is also called Ipomoea white, or Ipomoea moonflower. Unlike most species of morning glory, which bloom only before noon, the moonflower is very original in terms of flowering time. Its large satin boiled-white flowers open only at dusk and bloom until dawn.
In addition, the moon-flowering morning glory surprises with the unusual shape of a flower having a long tube ending in a funnel, which is why in profile the flower resembles a pipe. The length of the flower reaches 15 centimeters, and the diameter is 12 centimeters.
The delicate aroma of the flowers of the moonflower resembles almonds, however, the smell is not too strong and you can only feel it by smelling the flower. This vine grows rapidly and reaches a height of more than three meters.
Features of growing moonflower
It is better to grow moonflower through seedlings, sowing seeds in early April. For large seeds of morning glory morning glory, soaking for several days is recommended.
This plant is quite unpretentious in care, if you place it on fertile soil and in a sunny place. The only serious problem of morning glory can be a spider mite. Young seedlings are especially prone to attack by this pest.
Close attention is required to morning glory planted on the balcony, since in this case it is necessary to process the vines from the tick regularly.
Moonflower in garden design
Morning glory morning glory is widely used for vertical gardening of a garden and house adjoining territories. Its large, abundant foliage is suitable for twisting a gazebo, creating a secluded corner with green walls.
It is good to plant the lunix near the south wall of the house. The emerald liana will picturesquely twist an arch, an obelisk or a trellis. Other types of morning glory, blooming in the afternoon, or girl's grapes can become neighbors of creepers.
Read more about morning glory in our article Unusual types of morning glory, or Chic relatives of the "bindweed".